Cumberland, MD Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Cumberland, Maryland - Basic Facts

The City of Cumberland had a population of 20,561 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Cumberland is located at latitude 39.6506 and longitude -78.7582 in Allegany County. The formal boundaries for the City of Cumberland (see map below) encompass a land area of 10.05 sq. miles and a water area of 0.07 sq. miles. Allegany County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 623 feet.

The City of Cumberland (GNIS ID: 2390580) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

The City of Cumberland is located within District 14, Cumberland, a minor civil division (MCD) of Allegany County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Cumberland population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Cumberland: Fort Cumberland, Washington Town, Wills Creek, Will's Creek.

Neighborhood Data

Address Based Hyperlocal Data Input an address and get data & demographics for the pertinent census block group (CBG), a searchable map and a customized directory. The CBG is the smallest geographical unit used by the Census Bureau for reporting certain data.


City of Cumberland, MD Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: District 14, Cumberland | Allegany County | Maryland Counties / Independent Cities

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Cumberland, MD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 20,561
Population in Households 20,031
Population in Familes 14,348
Population in Group Qrtrs 530
Population Density1 2,046
Diversity Index2 24


Total Households 9,069
Average Household Size 2.21
Family Households 4,923
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 11,048 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 4,852 (43.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,217 (38.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,979 (17.9%)
Median Home Value $95,477
Average Home Value $132,167


Median Household Income $33,732
Average Household Income $47,584
Per Capita Income $21,916
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population -0.23% -0.33%
Households -0.26% -0.36%
Families -0.19% -0.48%
Median Household Income   -0.86%
Per Capita Income   0.18%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Cumberland, MD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cumberland to the other 518 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Maryland by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 63 88th
Population Density1 # 181 65th
Diversity Index2 # 355 32nd
Median Household Income # 509 2nd
Per Capita Income # 456 12th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Maryland Census Data Comparison Tool.

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