Essex, MD Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Essex, Maryland - Basic Facts

The Essex Census Designated Place had a population of 40,265 as of July 1, 2016. Essex ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Maryland. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Essex is located at latitude 39.305 and longitude -76.4472 in Baltimore County. The formal boundaries for the Essex Census Designated Place (see map below) encompass a land area of 9.26 sq. miles and a water area of 2.63 sq. miles. Baltimore County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 39 feet.

The Essex Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2389051) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The Essex Census Designated Place is located within District 15, a minor civil division (MCD) of Baltimore County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Essex population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Neighborhood Data

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Essex Census Designated Place, MD Boundary Map

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Essex, MD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 40,265
Population in Households 39,949
Population in Familes 31,298
Population in Group Qrtrs 316
Population Density1 4,349
Diversity Index2 59


Total Households 15,731
Average Household Size 2.54
Family Households 10,013
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 16,974 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,289 (48.8%)
Renter Occupied HU 7,442 (43.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,243 ( 7.3%)
Median Home Value $190,979
Average Home Value $238,639


Median Household Income $50,143
Average Household Income $62,153
Per Capita Income $24,628
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.4% 0.53%
Households 0.23% 0.43%
Families 0.07% 0.33%
Median Household Income   -0.58%
Per Capita Income   0.95%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Essex, MD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Essex to the other 518 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Maryland by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 24 96th
Population Density1 # 72 86th
Diversity Index2 # 113 78th
Median Household Income # 434 16th
Per Capita Income # 398 23rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Maryland Census Data Comparison Tool.

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