Ellicott City, MD Profile: Facts & Data


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Ellicott City, Maryland - Basic Facts

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The Ellicott City CDP(1) had a population of 77,250 as of July 1, 2022. Ellicott City ranks in the upper quartile for Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Maryland. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Ellicott City is located at latitude 39.2673 and longitude -76.7983 in Howard County. The formal boundaries for the Ellicott City Census Designated Place encompass a land area of 29.95 sq. miles and a water area of 0.12 sq. miles. Howard County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 154 feet.

The Ellicott City Census Designated Place has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The Ellicott City Census Designated Place is located within District 2, Ellicott City, a minor civil division (MCD) of Howard County.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Ellicott City: Ellicott, Ellicott Mills, Ellicotts Lower Mills, Ellicotts Mills.

  1. A Census Designated Place (CDP) is a statistical counterpart to a self-governing (incorporated) place such as a city, town, or village. A CDP is not a legal entity and has no governmental functions.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Ellicott City 2022 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Ellicott City (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Maryland Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Maryland Data Comparison Tool - 2022 Demographics

Ellicott City, MD Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2022)


Total Population 77,250 (100%)
Population in Households 76,602 (99.2%)
Population in Families 67,440 (87.3%)
Population in Group Quarters1 648 ( 0.8%)
Population Density 2,574
Diversity Index2 67


Median Household Income $150,765
Average Household Income $202,248
% of Income for Mortgage4 21%
Per Capita Income $70,539
Wealth Index5 252


Total HU (Housing Units) 28,029 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 20,559 (73.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 6,496 (23.2%)
Vacant Housing Units 974 ( 3.5%)
Median Home Value $610,616
Average Home Value $622,674
Housing Affordability Index3 108


Total Households 27,055
Average Household Size 2.83
Family Households 20,248
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2020-2022 2022-2027
Population 0.76% 0.47%
Households 0.60% 0.36%
Families   0.37%
Median Household Income   1.99%
Per Capita Income   2.30%
Owner Occupied HU   0.61%

Ellicott City, MD - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Ellicott City to the other 536 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Maryland by rank and percentile using July 1, 2022 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 7 99th
Population Density # 153 72nd
Median Household Income # 48 91st
Housing Affordability Index # 170 32nd
Per Capita Income # 50 91st
Diversity Index # 115 79th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Maryland Census Data Comparison Tool.

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